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Archive for the ‘Pearls’ Category

The Appeal of Pearls and Other Interesting Facts

s-l1600What is it about pearls that appeals to us so?

Maybe it’s because fine natural pearls are so rare? Or that we associate them with class, royalty and femininity?

George Kunz says, “The pearl, like a lady of old, pure and fair to look upon, is the emblem of modesty and purity.”

Whatever your reasons, here are some interesting facts about this mysterious and beloved orb.

The pearl was adopted by the American National Association of Jewelers in 1912 as the official birthstone of June, along with alexandrite and moonstone. Pearls are also the birthstone for the sun signs of Gemini and Cancer, and are traditionally given as a 30th wedding anniversary gift.

Pearls are organic gems created when a tiny irritant, usually a parasite, enters a mollusk, such as an oyster, mussel, or clam. Annoyed by this foreign invader, the mollusk begins coating it in a natural substance it produces called nacre (pronounced NAY-ker). Nacre is made up primarily of aragonite (a carbonate crystal) bonded with weaker materials, such as proteins and chitin. The oyster slowly coats the irritant in layers of nacre, over time forming a pearl.

Not all pearls are round, but perfectly symmetrical pearls are generally the most desired and expensive. Pearls are primarily found in oyster beds in the Persian Gulf, along the coasts of India and Sri Lanka, and in the Red Sea. Chinese pearls come mainly from freshwater rivers and ponds, whereas Japanese pearls are found near the coast in salt water.

It’s an interesting mechanical phenomenon how round pearls are created. When you look at a pearl up close under a microscope, it’s actually not smooth, but covered in tiny sawtooth-like steps or terraces. When a mollusk is forming a pearl, water molecules around the pearl warm up, pushing off the small terraces, causing a tiny amount of rotation in one direction. The oyster very slowly and naturally turns, like a ratchet, thus creating a round-shaped pearl.

There are essentially three types of pearls: natural, cultured and imitation. Because of today’s technology, there are many cultured pearls that are not only stunning to behold, they are affordable to the average jewelry fan. Natural pearls, on the other hand, have always been a rarity, and are an expensive indulgence usually reserved for the rich and famous. You can tell if a pearl is real by sliding it across your teeth. If it’s gritty, it’s probably real.

For some pearl perspective, in 1913, Pierre Cartier traded a single strand of 55 natural pearls valued at $1.2 million to banker Morton Plant in exchange for his mansion on Fifth Avenue in New York City! That same property is now Cartier’s U.S. flagship store at Fifth Avenue and 52nd Street.

While on their honeymoon in Japan in 1954, Joe DiMaggio presented Marilyn Monroe with a 16-inch, single-strand Akoya pearl necklace consisting of 44 Mikimoto pearls. The necklace has been shown around the world as part of a traveling exhibition sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History in New York, and the Field Museumin Chicago. It is currently owned by Mikimoto (America) Co., Ltd. as part of a valuable collection of pearls and pearl jewelry.

Many First Ladies have loved the simple yet classic elegance of pearl necklaces and bracelets. Barbara Bush was known for wearing her three-strand costume pearl necklace while in the White House. They became so popular that many companies created replicas and sold them as “First Lady Pearls” or “Barbara Bush Pearls.”

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis loved her pearl necklaces and made them wildly popular while she was in the White House. Her signature piece as First Lady was a triple-strand faux pearl necklace designed by jeweler Kenneth Jay Lane. The necklace went on to sell for $211,500 at a Sotheby’s auction.

Shortly after her death in 2011, Elizabeth Taylor’s La Peregrina pearl necklace was sold at Christie’s “The Collection of Elizabeth Taylor” auction for $11.8 million — the highest amount any pearl has ever sold for at auction.

Pearls also have a rich history of mythology and lore attached to them. Cultured and freshwater pearls are considered to offer the power of love, money, protection, and luck. Pearls are also thought to give wisdom and keep children safe.

Ancient legend also associates pearls with fertility, and pearls still have a strong feminine energy today. Pearls were thought to be the tears of the gods, and the Greeks believed that wearing pearls would promote marital bliss and prevent newlywed women from crying.

Are you in the market for pearls? If you’re looking for a unique gift for a June birthday girl, or you’re looking for a strand of pearls for yourself, shop Adina’s Ebay store for stunning estate, vintage and antique fine jewelry, available at true wholesale prices. We have vast selection of pearl jewelry and we will deliver a buying experience that’s above your expectations.

Why are Mikimoto pearls so popular?

pearlsThroughout the world, when you hear Mikimoto, you think pearls. What’s the history of Mikimoto pearls? Here’s an explanation, courtesy of thepearlgirls.com.

Most jewelry lovers, especially those who are fond of pearls, have heard the name, Mikimoto. Mikimoto Kokichi had a huge impact on the pearl industry. In 1888, he started what many believe to be the first cultured pearl farm in Japan.

By 1893, he had his first cultured pearl, and in 1896, he received a patent for producing hemispherical pearls. His patent didn’t really work commercially, so he adopted the “Mise-Nishikawa method” in 1916, and that’s when his cultured pearl business really took off. The cultured pearl industry exploded as well, and by 1935, there were 350 pearl farms in Japan producing 10 million cultured pearls annually.

At this point, the natural pearl farmers started to fear the competition. Prior to the early 1900s, the pearl market consisted of natural pearls—pearls created spontaneously by nature. Natural pearls are much rarer and more expensive than cultured pearls, so naturally when Mikimoto entered the scene, offering prettier and more affordable pearls, the natural pearl farmers started losing business. In fact, they sued him!

The cultured pearl business also put many pearl divers out of business. At that time, The Persian Gulf was known for its natural pearls, and divers worked consistently to find them. When cultured pearls flooded the market, the demand for natural pearls fell drastically, and many divers and others in the natural pearly industry lost work, and even their livelihoods.

The word “cultured” came about to distinguish natural pearls from non-natural pearls. Cultured pearls were considered by some to be less desirable and authentic than natural pearls.

So, who has Mikimoto pearls? Many people from the WWII “Greatest Generation.” Following the Second World War, after the Allied Forces occupied Japan, they feared an illegal pearl trade, so pearl sales were discouraged from being sold within Japan. Instead, the Japanese sold pearls in military stores frequented by Allied troops.

While Mikimoto pearls aren’t necessarily the best pearls in the world, they can certainly be considered some of the oldest cultured pearls from one of the oldest pearl companies in existence with the greatest name recognition; similar to the Levi’s brand and jeans.

Mikimoto Kokichi has earned the distinct honor of being the founder of our modern-day cultured pearls, and will always carry the legacy of almost single-handedly launching the cultured pearl market worldwide.

If you’re looking for quality pearls, make sure you visit Adina by Empire Jeweler’s remarkable online store. You’ll find an exquisite selection of estate and vintage pearl jewelry including necklace strands, earrings, pendants and more at true wholesale prices.

June Birthstones: Pearl, Alexandrite, Moonstone

June PearlsJune has not one, but three birthstones: Pearl, Alexandrite, and Moonstone.

In this issue of Adina’s Newsletter, find out some interesting information about the fascinating and unusual birthstones of June:

  1. There is only one other month of the year that boasts three birthstones. December’s birthstones are turquoise, zircon, and tanzanite.
  2. The pearl is also the birthstone for the Sun Signs Gemini and Cancer.
  3. Pearls are organic gemstones created when a tiny irritant such as sand enters a mollusk’s shell. The mollusk secretes nacre to coat the object, and the layers become pearls.
  4. You can tell if a pearl is real by sliding it across your teeth. If it’s gritty, it’s probably real.
  5. Around 90 percent of pearls are cultured, meaning they are made by mollusks under controlled conditions,and are difficult to differentiate from naturally occurring pearls.
  6. Shortly after her death in 2011, Elizabeth Taylor’s La Peregrina pearl necklace was purchased at her “The Collection of Elizabeth Taylor” Christie’s auction for $11.8 million — the highest amount any pearl has ever sold for at auction.
  7. The largest natural pearl was discovered in Patterson, NJ.
  8. Alexandrite is a rare gemstone made of the mineral chrysoberyl that changes from green to red in incandescent light.
  9. The Alexandrite was named after the Russian tsar, Alexander II, and was the national stone of old Imperial Russia.
  10. Moonstone was given its name by the Roman natural historian Pliny, who wrote that moonstone’s appearance was altered with the phases of the moon — that belief held until some time after the 16th century.
  11. The blue seen in moonstones is not mineral color, but a form of iridescence from multi-layer interference of light known as adularescence.

If you’re looking to buy birthstone, Adina by Empire Jewelers has a beautiful collection of estate and vintage jewelry, available at true wholesale prices. Shop online today and enjoy our vast selection of fine pearl jewelry, watches, diamonds, gold, sterling silver, estate and vintage jewelry, coins and more. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

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